How does Yale determine whether a violation occurred?

The University-Wide Committee on Sexual Misconduct (UWC) hears formal complaints of sexual misconduct involving students from throughout the University.* This disciplinary board is charged with promptly and equitably responding to complaints of sexual misconduct.  The UWC is trained in the dynamics and patterns of sexual misconduct and on the importance of confidentiality, fair process, impartiality, and safety considerations when determining interim measures and disciplinary sanctions.

The UWC utilizes an independent fact-finder to gather evidence and then, after a hearing, determines whether a violation of University policy has occurred based on the preponderance of the evidence (i.e., is it more likely than not that such a violation occurred).

*Note: At the request of the complainant, the UWC can instead conduct an informal resolution of the complaint, which does not include formal investigation or a formal hearing. Informal UWC resolution will not result in a formal finding or discipline, but can result in other remedial actions. The pursuit of an informal resolution does not foreclose the option of a formal complaint, should the complainant so wish.